Uruguay Country Profile

For more details visit Uruguay Passport Ranking
  • Passport Grade
  • Passport Ranking
  • Passport Score
  • Visa-free Countries
  • Visa-required Countries
  • Access to the World's GDP
  • Access to the World's Surface Area
  • Access to the World's Population
  • Access to the Unesco Sites
Citizenship and Naturalization
Birthright citizenship (Jus Soli)
  • Birthright citizenship (Jus Soli)
    Unrestricted: Any child born in the country automatically becomes a citizen.
Naturalization - Standard Conditions
  • Minimum residency period
    No naturalization via residency provisions
    In Uruguay, you can obtain "legal citizenship," giving you rights inside the country, but not outside of it.
  • Physical presence requirement
  • Language test
  • Need to renounce original citizenship?
  • Can minor children naturalize?
  • Can naturalized parents pass citizenship to a child born abroad?
  • Can you lose naturalization due to prolonged absence/ naturalization elsewhere?
Naturalization - Your Spouse is a Citizen
  • Living IN the country: Residency/marriage requirement
  • Living ABROAD: Marriage requirement
  • Language test
  • Need to renounce original citizenship?
Naturalization - Other Beneficial Provisions
  • Your child is a citizen
  • Citizens of specific countries
    No provisions
"–": The provision has not been analysed.
For more details visit Cost of Living
  • Taxation Type
A tax resident of a country with a TERRITORIAL tax system pays taxes on the income generated within the country only. Income generated outside of the country remains tax-free.

Certain non-Uruguayan investment and employment income can still be taxed in limited circumstances.
Uruguay is part of the Mercosur, allowing its citizens to obtain residency in any other Mercosur country using a simplified procedure.
Schiff Sovereign's Take on Uruguay
Our founder, Simon Black, has spent a fair amount of time in Uruguay over the years. And most of our team members have vacationed there with gusto.

Uruguay is small, pretty and relaxing.

To outsiders, Uruguay may seem very similar to Argentina. Both have a very European feel. Their populations hail largely from Europe; mainly Italy and Spain.

They are so similar, in fact, that you may think Uruguay is just another province of Argentina.

Culturally speaking, Uruguay has quite a lot to offer. Montevideo, for example, is full of art deco architecture, and it is a significant arts center. The arts are even celebrated on the Uruguayan peso, which features playwrights and poets instead of generals and presidents.

Punta del Este – Uruguay’s primary resort town just a two-hour drive from Uruguay’s capital and largest city, Montevideo – deserves a separate mention. 

The coastal city serves as a playground for Argentinians, who own most of the real estate there. And frankly, the entire country has a resort-type feel. It caters to wealthy Argentines who come to have fun during the summer months, and has quite a glamorous feel.

It is one of the most “binary” places on Earth. It’s OFF for nine months of the year — sleepy and quiet. And ON during the high season – bustling with activity and nightlife.

Rental accommodation prices tend to jump when Punta heats up between December and February. Many expats leave town for this period because it becomes so expensive.

The lifestyle in Uruguay is generally very pleasant, especially if you like the bucolic life and rolling pampas – the endless plains also found elsewhere in South America.  

And if you’re more of a beach lover, the coastline provides ample opportunity for scenic walks along the shore.

Cows in Uruguay outnumber humans – hence Uruguay’s nickname, the “Carnivore’s Paradise”. (The country is also a major exporter of beef.)

In terms of downside considerations, Uruguay’s cost of living is the highest in South America. But still, it’s not exorbitant. It is also one of the safer countries in the region.

Obtaining residency is straightforward in Uruguay. 

Keep in mind however, that Uruguay is not a place for a second passport. Uniquely in the region, it only offers the so-called “legal citizenship” but not a “proper” naturalization. It allows unconditional living inside the country, but does not give you any rights outside of it (such as a passport to travel).

Uruguay has historically also served as a tax haven, where Argentinians could stash some cash and keep it from their notoriously corrupt and Socialist-leaning government.

So, if you are looking for some peace and quiet… if you love meat and a nice, laid-back feel… then Uruguay may be a country to consider for your Plan B.
Schiff Sovereign's Rolodex
Service Providers available in Uruguay
  • Immigration (residency, citizenship)
  • Full relocation services (real estate search, bank account opening, driver's licence, etc.)
  • Tax advice (attorneys and/or accountants)
  • Corporate services (company formation, etc.)
  • Real Estate (agents, lawyers)
Obtain access to our Rolodex by signing up for Sovereign Confidential Join Sovereign Confidential Today

Sovereign Global Explorer

Benefiting from over a decade of our team’s boots-on-the-ground experience, Global Explorer is where your international journey begins.
Uruguay Overview
  • Region
    North and South America
  • Capital City
  • Largest City
  • Currency
    Uruguayan peso
  • Languages
  • Population
    3.6 million (133rd)
  • Life Expectancy
    78.4 years (68th)
  • GDP (Nominal)
    $71.2 billion (80th)
  • GDP/Capita
    $20,018 (59th)
Useful Data
For more details visit Cost of Living
  • Cost of Living
    Moderate (4/7)
  • Climate
    Very comfortable (1/5)
  • Safety
    Safe (3/7)
  • Pollution
    Clean (2/5)
  • English Proficiency
    Low (4/5)

Sovereign Global Explorer

Benefiting from over a decade of our team’s boots-on-the-ground experience, Global Explorer is where your international journey begins.

Ready to fire-proof your future? Learn how here...

Subscribe to our FREE Sovereign Letters series below. Packed with powerful, immediately actionable Plan B strategies, signing up for this newsletter is one of THE best steps you can take, right now, to safeguard your freedom and maximize your sovereignty.


Found a mistake or have a suggestion with Uruguay Country Profile? Let us know by filling out the form below.