Latvia Country Profile

For more details visit Latvia Passport Ranking
  • Passport Grade
  • Passport Ranking
  • Passport Score
  • Visa-free Countries
  • Visa-required Countries
  • Access to the World's GDP
  • Access to the World's Surface Area
  • Access to the World's Population
  • Access to the Unesco Sites
Citizenship and Naturalization
Birthright citizenship (Jus Soli)
  • Birthright citizenship (Jus Soli)
    No provisions
Naturalization - Standard Conditions
  • Minimum residency period
    10 years
    Must hold permanent residency for 5 years, which takes 5 years to obtain.
  • Physical presence requirement
  • Language test
    Yes, Latvian
  • Need to renounce original citizenship?
    Yes, unless you are a citizen of an EU, EEA, NATO country, New Zealand, Brazil or Australia
  • Can minor children naturalize?
    Yes, minor children naturalize along with parents
  • Can naturalized parents pass citizenship to a child born abroad?
  • Can you lose naturalization due to prolonged absence/ naturalization elsewhere?
Naturalization - Your Spouse is a Citizen
  • Living IN the country: Residency/marriage requirement
    No provisions
  • Living ABROAD: Marriage requirement
    No provisions
  • Language test
    No provisions
  • Need to renounce original citizenship?
    No provisions
Naturalization - Other Beneficial Provisions
  • Your child is a citizen
    No provisions
  • Citizens of specific countries
    No provisions
"–": The provision has not been analysed.
Visas and Residencies
Visas and Residencies
For more details visit Cost of Living
  • Taxation Type
A tax resident of a country with a RESIDENCE-BASED tax system pays taxes on their WORLDWIDE income. However, if you lose tax residency status there (e.g., by moving out), the country will generally stop taxing you.
Schiff Sovereign's Take on Latvia
Latvia is one of the three Baltic States. All three of these countries – Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia – have fared quite well since discarding most of their Soviet legacies.

Among the three, Latvia, and particularly its capital Riga, feels the most cosmopolitan. Riga is by far the largest city in the Baltics. Everything seems to be on a bigger scale there (by Baltic standards, at least).

Latvia is also home to a Citizenship By Ancestry program. Definitely explore it if you have any Latvian blood running in your veins. (Citizenship By Ancestry is usually the easiest way to obtain a second passport.)

Another important reason to mention Latvia is its Golden Visa – the cheapest one in Europe. In fact, Latvia was the country that implemented Europe’s first Golden Visa program right after the 2008/2009 crisis.

Today, it’s possible to become a European resident after investing as little as €80,000 in a Latvian company (after the processing fees).

As a golden visa holder, you’d have to visit Latvia only once per year, and your residency permit is good for five years. 

However, although the Golden Visa route may seem quite attractive, Latvia does make it very difficult to qualify for naturalization. 
Schiff Sovereign's Rolodex
Service Providers available in Latvia
  • Citizenship by Ancestry
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Latvia Overview
  • Region
  • Capital City
  • Largest City
  • Currency
  • Languages
    Latvian, Russian
  • Population
    1.9 million (149th)
  • Life Expectancy
    75.9 years (110th)
  • GDP (Nominal)
    $40.6 billion (100th)
  • GDP/Capita
    $21,437 (53rd)
Useful Data
For more details visit Cost of Living
  • Cost of Living
    Inexpensive (3/7)
  • Climate
    Average (3/5)
  • Safety
    Very Safe (2/7)
  • Pollution
    Very clean (1/5)
  • English Proficiency
    Moderate (3/5)

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